18F-NaF PET/CT imaging of bone formation induced by bioactive glass S53P4 after mastoid obliteration

Adriana J. Timmermans, Jasper J. Quak, Petronella J. Hagen, David R. Colnot

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Purpose: Bioactive glass has been successfully used for surgical treatment of chronic infections in bone and bone cavities. Besides infection control, new bone formation is induced by the bioactive glass which is considered to have osteoconductive properties. Evaluation of postsurgical changes after bone graft surgery is generally performed with conventional radiographs or CT/MR imaging, but 18F-NaF PET/CT might be more suitable since it has a high and rapid bone uptake, accompanied by a fast blood clearance leading to a high bone to background ratio. Case: Obliteration with S53P4 bioactive glass of the mastoid and middle ear was performed in a patient suffering from chronic otitis media. Control of the chronic otitis media was achieved, and follow-up imaging after 3 years with 18F-NaF PET/CT showed increased uptake in the obliterated cavity indicating new bone formation. Conclusion: 18F-NaF PET/CT is able to detect new bone formation after obliteration of the mastoid with S53P4 bioactive glass.
Original languageEnglish
Article number18
Journaleuropean journal of hybrid imaging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

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