2021 ESC Guidelines on cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy: Developed by the Task Force on cardiac pacing and cardiac resynchronization therapy of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) With the special contribution of the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)

Michael Glikson, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Mads Brix Kronborg, Yoav Michowitz, Angelo Auricchio, Israel Moshe Barbash, Jose A. Barrabes, Giuseppe Boriani, Frieder Braunschweig, Michele Brignole, Haran Burri, Andrew J. S. Coats, Jean-Claude Deharo, Victoria Delgado, Gerhard-Paul Diller, Carsten W. Israel, Andre Keren, Reinoud E. Knops, Dipak Kotecha, Christophe LeclercqBela Merkely, Christoph Starck, Ingela Thylen, Jose Maria Tolosana, Francisco Leyva, Cecilia Linde, Magdy Abdelhamid, Victor Aboyans, Elena Arbelo, Riccardo Asteggiano, Gonzalo Barón-Esquivias, Johann Bauersachs, Mauro Biffi, Ulrika Birgersdotter-Green, Maria Grazia Bongiorni, Michael A. Borger, Jelena Celutkienė, Maja Cikes, Jean-Claude Daubert, Inga Drossart, Kenneth Ellenbogen, Perry M. Elliott, Larissa Fabritz, Volkmar Falk, Laurent Fauchier, Francisco Fernández-Aviles, Dan Foldager, Fredrik Gadler, Pastora Gallego Garcia de Vinuesa, Bulent Gorenek, Jose M. Guerra, Kristina Hermann Haugaa, Jeroen Hendriks, Thomas Kahan, Hugo A. Katus, Aleksandra Konradi, Konstantinos C. Koskinas, Hannah Law, Basil S. Lewis, Nicholas John Linker, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Joost Lumens, Julia Mascherbauer, Wilfried Mullens, Klaudia Vivien Nagy, Eva Prescott, Pekka Raatikainen, Amina Rakisheva, Tobias Reichlin, Renato Pietro Ricci, Evgeny Shlyakhto, Marta Sitges, Miguel Sousa-Uva, Richard Sutton, Piotr Suwalski, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Rhian M. Touyz, Isabelle C. van Gelder, Kevin Vernooy, Johannes Waltenberger, Zachary Whinnett, Klaus K. Witte

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article*Academicpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-164
Number of pages94
JournalEuropace
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Guidelines
  • alternate site pacing
  • atrial fibrillation
  • bradycardia
  • cardiac pacing
  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • complications
  • conduction system pacing
  • heart failure
  • pacemaker
  • pacing in TAVI
  • pacing indications
  • syncope
  • temporary pacing

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