5p13 microduplication in a malformed fetus and his unaffected father

Ariana Kariminejad, Siavash Ghaderi-Sohi, Soheila Gholami, Kimia Najafi, Roxana Kariminejad, Raoul C. M. Hennekam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The 5p13 microduplication syndrome is a contiguous gene syndrome characterized by developmental delay intellectual disability, hypotonia, unusual facies with marked variability, mild limb anomalies, and in some cases brain malformations. The duplication ranges in size from 0.25 to 1.08 Mb and encompasses five genes (NIPBL, SLC1A3, CPLANE1, NUP155, and WDR70), of which NIPBL has been suggested to be the main dose sensitive gene. All patients with duplication of the complete NIPBL gene reported thus far have been de novo. Here, we report a 25-week-old male fetus with hypertelorism, wide and depressed nasal bridge, depressed nasal tip, low-set ears, clenched hands, flexion contracture of elbows, knees, and left wrist, and bilateral clubfeet, bowing and shortening of long bones and brain malformation of dorsal part of callosal body. The fetus had a 667 kb gain at 5p13.2 encompassing SLC1A3, NIPBL and exons 22–52 of CPLANE1. The microduplication was inherited from the healthy father, in whom no indication for mosaicism was detected. The family demonstrates that incomplete penetrance of 5p13 microduplication syndrome may occur which is important in genetic counseling of families with this entity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-377
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Issue number2
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • 5p13 microduplication syndrome
  • familial
  • oligo-array CGH
  • reduced penetrance

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