89Zr]Zr-DFO-girentuximab and [18F]FDG PET/CT to Predict Watchful Waiting Duration in Patients with Metastatic Clear-cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Sarah R. Verhoeff, Sjoukje F. Oosting, Sjoerd G. Elias, Suzanne C. van Es, Sophie L. Gerritse, Lindsay Angus, Sandra Heskamp, Ingrid M. E. Desar, C. Willemien Menke-van der Houven van Oordt, Astrid A. M. van der Veldt, Anne I. J. Arens, Adrienne H. Brouwers, Bertha Eisses, Peter F. A. Mulders, Otto S. Hoekstra, Gerben J. C. Zwezerijnen, Winette T. A. van der Graaf, Erik H. J. G. Aarntzen, Wim J. G. Oyen, Carla M. L. van Herpen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: Watchful waiting (WW) can be considered for patients with metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (mccRCC) with good or intermediate prognosis, especially those with <2 International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium criteria and ≤2 metastatic sites [referred to as watch and wait ("W&W") criteria]. The IMaging PAtients for Cancer drug SelecTion-Renal Cell Carcinoma study objective was to assess the predictive value of [18F]FDG PET/CT and [89Zr]Zr-DFO-girentuximab PET/CT for WW duration in patients with mccRCC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Between February 2015 and March 2018, 48 patients were enrolled, including 40 evaluable patients with good (n = 14) and intermediate (n = 26) prognosis. Baseline contrast-enhanced CT, [18F]FDG and [89Zr]Zr-DFO-girentuximab PET/CT were performed. Primary endpoint was the time to disease progression warranting systemic treatment. Maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) were measured using lesions on CT images coregistered to PET/CT. High and low uptake groups were defined on the basis of median geometric mean SUVmax of RECIST-measurable lesions across patients. RESULTS: The median WW time was 16.1 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 9.0-31.7]. The median WW period was shorter in patients with high [18F]FDG tumor uptake than those with low uptake (9.0 vs. 36.2 months; HR, 5.6; 95% CI: 2.4-14.7; P < 0.001). Patients with high [89Zr]Zr-DFO-girentuximab tumor uptake had a median WW period of 9.3 versus 21.3 months with low uptake (HR, 1.7; 95% CI: 0.9-3.3; P = 0.13). Patients with "W&W criteria" had a longer median WW period of 21.3 compared with patients without: 9.3 months (HR, 1.9; 95% CI: 0.9-3.9; Pone-sided = 0.034). Adding [18F]FDG uptake to the "W&W criteria" improved the prediction of WW duration (P < 0.001); whereas [89Zr]Zr-DFO-girentuximab did not (P = 0.53). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with good- or intermediate-risk mccRCC, low [18F]FDG uptake is associated with prolonged WW. This study shows the predictive value of the "W&W criteria" for WW duration and shows the potential of [18F]FDG-PET/CT to further improve this.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)592-601
Number of pages10
JournalClinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Issue number3
Early online date17 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

Cite this