A Comparison between Patient-and Physician-Reported Late Radiation Toxicity in Long-Term Prostate Cancer Survivors

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Abstract

Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are advocated for the monitoring of toxicity after radiotherapy. However, studies comparing physician-and patient-reported toxicity show low concordance. In this study, we compared physician-and patient-reported toxicity in long-term prostate cancer survivors after radiotherapy, and we determined the correlation with a presumable risk factor for late toxicity: γ-H2AX foci decay ratio (FDR). Patients formerly included in a prospective study were invited to participate in this new study, comprising one questionnaire and one call with a trial physician assistant. Concordance was calculated for seven symptoms. Gamma-H2AX FDRs were determined in ex vivo irradiated lymphocytes in a previous analysis. Associations between FDR and long-term prevalence of toxicity were assessed using univariable logistic regression analyses. The 101 participants had a median follow-up period of 9 years. Outcomes were discordant in 71% of symptomatic patients; in 21%, the physician-assessed toxicity (using CTCAE) was higher, and, in 50%, the patients reported higher toxicity. We did not find a correlation between presence of toxicity at long-term follow-up and FDR. In conclusion, patients assigned greater severity to symptoms than the trial physician assistant did. Consideration of both perspectives may be warranted to provide the best care.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1670
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • external beam radiotherapy
  • gamma-H2AX assay
  • late radiation toxicity
  • patient-reported outcome measures
  • prostate cancer

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