A European myocardial 123I-mIBG cross-calibration phantom study

Derk O. Verschure, Edwin Poel, Kenichi Nakajima, Koichi Okuda, Berthe L. F. van Eck-Smit, G. Aernout Somsen, Hein J. Verberne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle*Academicpeer-review


Aim: Planar myocardial 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I-mIBG) scintigraphy is a highly reproducible technique. However, differences in collimator use are one of the most important factors that cause variation among institutions and studies in heart-to-mediastinum (H/M) ratio. Therefore, standardization among various gamma camera-collimator combinations is needed. Previously, a phantom has been developed to cross-calibrate different acquisition conditions in Japan. For further cross-calibration of European myocardial 123I-mIBG imaging, the aim of this study was to collect 123I-mIBG data for H/M ratios from common European gamma camera vendors. Methods: 210 experiments were performed in 27 European institutions. Based on these experiments, conversion coefficients for each gamma camera-collimator combination were calculated. An averaged conversion coefficient of 0.88 was used to calculate a standardized H/M ratio. Results: On average, LE-collimator-derived H/M ratios were significantly lower compared to ME-collimator-derived H/M ratios. The mean conversion coefficients ranged from 0.553 to 0.605 for the LE-collimator group and from 0.824 to 0.895 for the ME-collimator group. Conclusion: Clinically established H/M ratios can be converted into standardized H/M ratios using cross-calibrated conversion coefficients. This standardization is important for identifying appropriate thresholds for adequate risk stratification. In addition, this cross-calibration enables comparison between different national and international data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1191-1197
JournalJournal of nuclear cardiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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