A Novel IGSF1 Mutation in a Boy With Short Stature and Hypercholesterolemia: A Case Report

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IGSF1 deficiency is a recently discovered syndrome consisting of congenital central hypothyroidism (CeH) and macroorchidism. Here, we report on a patient presenting with short stature, who was found to carry a pathogenic mutation in the IGSF1 gene. A 14-year-old Israeli boy was referred to the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, for follow-up on short stature ascribed to constitutional delay of growth and puberty, and familial hypercholesterolemia. Primary hypothyroidism had previously been excluded by a normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration. However, in follow-up, plasma free thyroxine (FT4) concentrations were repeatedly low, and the patient was diagnosed with CeH. Because of coexistent relative macroorchidism, IGSF1 gene analysis was performed, revealing a mutation (c.2588C>G; p.Ser863Cys). The mutant IGSF1 protein was retained mainly in the endoplasmic reticulum and reached the plasma membrane with poor efficiency compared with wild-type protein. After starting thyroxine treatment, plasma cholesterol almost normalized. This case illustrates the necessity of measuring both FT4 and TSH when hypothyroidism is suspected, or needs to be ruled out. In addition, this case suggests that the presence of childhood hypercholesterolemia may be an indication of undiagnosed hypothyroidism
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-736
JournalJournal of the Endocrine Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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