A small (sSMC) chromosome 22 due to a maternal translocation between chromosomes 8 and 22: A case report

F. E.P. Mundhofir, A. J.A. Kooper, T. I. Winarni, A. P.T. Smits, S. M.H. Faradz, B. C.J. Hamel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle*Academicpeer-review

Abstract

A small supernumerary marker (sSMC) chromosome 22 due to a maternal translocation between chromosomes 8 and 22: a case report: We report on a boy with partial trisomies for chromosomes 8 and 22 caused by the presence of a small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC), a der(22)t(8;22Xp22;q11.21), inherited from a t(8;22)(p22;q11.21) translocation carrier mother. He has mild mental retardation, unability to speak distinct words and several minor anomalies i.e. high forehead and hairline, telecanthus, upslanting palpebral fissures, depressed nasal bridge, nail hypoplasia, toe position anomaly and 5th finger clinodactyly. He has two maternal uncles and one maternal aunt with mental retardation. G-banding technique showed 47, XY,+mar whilst his mother's karyotype showed a balanced reciprocal translocation between the chromosomes 8 and 22. Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) technique with probes for centromere 22 and 8pter were used to detect the origin of marker chromosome and confirmed the marker chromosome in the proband showing to be extra chromosomal material originated from chromosome 8 and 22. Additional genome wide microarray analysis, using the Afrymetrix Nspl 250K SNP array platform was performed to further characterize the marker chromosome and resulted in a der(22)t(8;22)(p22;q11.21). Furthermore, cytogenetic analysis of three affected family members showed the same unbalanced translocation, due to 3:1 meiotic segregation. This indicated the viability of mis unbalanced pattern and combined with the recurrent miscarriages by the proband's mother, the mechanism of transmitting extrachromosomal material is probably not a random process. Since, there is no similar translocation (8p;22q) reported and the chromosomal translocation largely exists of additional 8p22-8pter we compare the clinical outcomes with reported cases of 8p22-8pter triplication, although mere is a part of genetic material derived from chromosome 22 present This unique familial chromosome translocation case from Indonesia will give insight in the underlying mechanism of this recurrent chromosomal abnormality and clinical features of the patients will be compared to previously published cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalGenetic counseling
Volume21
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • 22)(p22
  • Q11.21), partial trisomy chromosomes 8 and 22-3:1 meiotic segregation
  • Supernumerary marker chromosome, der(22)t(8

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