Accuracy of RESOLVE score derived from coronary computed tomography versus visual angiography to predict side branch occlusion in percutaneous bifurcation intervention

Maksymilian P. Opolski, Kajetan Grodecki, Adam D. Staruch, Anna M. Michalowska, Cezary Kepka, Rafal Wolny, Paul Knaapen, Stefan P. Schumacher, Jerzy Pregowski, Mariusz Kruk, Mariusz Debski, Artur Debski, Ilona Michalowska, Adam Witkowski

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Introduction: Visually estimated angiographic V-RESOLVE score was developed as a simple and accurate prediction tool for side branch (SB) occlusion in patients undergoing coronary bifurcation intervention. Data on the use of coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA) for guiding percutaneous coronary intervention in bifurcation lesions is scarce. Objectives: We aimed to validate the ability of quantitative CTA-derived RESOLVE score for predicting SB occlusion in coronary bifurcation intervention and to compare its predictive value with that of the angiography-based V-RESOLVE score. Methods: We included 363 patients with 400 bifurcation lesions. Angiographic V-RESOLVE score and CTA-derived RESOLVE score were calculated utilizing the weights from the QCA-based RESOLVE score. The scoring systems were divided into quartiles, and classified as the non-high-risk group and the high-risk group. Accuracy was assessed using areas under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC). SB occlusion was defined as any decrease in Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow grade (including the absence of flow) in the SB after main vessel stenting. Results: In total, 28 SB occlusions (7%) occurred. CTA-derived RESOLVE and V-RESOLVE scores achieved comparable predictive accuracy (0.709 vs. 0.752, respectively, p = 0.531) for predicting SB occlusion, and the analysis of AUC for each constituent element of the scores did not show any significant difference between CTA and visual angiography. The total net reclassification index was −18.6% (p = 0.194), and there were no significant differences in the rates of SB occlusion in the non-high-risk group (4.9% vs. 3.8%, p = 0.510) and the high-risk group (13.8% vs. 18.6%, p = 0.384) between CTA-derived RESOLVE and V-RESOLVE scores. Conclusions: The quantitative CTA-derived RESOLVE score is an accurate and reliable alternative to the visually estimated angiographic V-RESOLVE score for prediction of SB occlusion in coronary bifurcation intervention. Clinical trial registration: URL: Unique identifier: NCT03709836.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-265
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiovascular computed tomography
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020


  • Coronary angiography
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary bifurcation
  • Coronary computed tomography angiography
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention

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