Acetylcholine Re-Challenge After Intracoronary Nitroglycerine Administration

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Coronary artery spasm (CAS) can be diagnosed in a large proportion of patients with recurrent angina with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (ANOCA) using acetylcholine (ACh) spasm provocation testing. CAS can further be divided into different subtypes (e.g., focal, diffuse epicardial, or microvascular spasm), each with different pathophysiological mechanisms that may require tailored drug treatment. The evidence behind the role of nitrates in the setting of each CAS subtype is lacking, and the effectivity can vary on a per-patient basis. In order to assess on a per-patient level whether nitroglycerine (NTG) can prevent inducible spasm, the vasospastic ACh dose can be readministered after NTG administration as part of the spasm provocation test. The preventive effect of NTG is assessed by evaluating improvements in the severity of induced symptoms, ischemic ECG changes, and by reassessing the site and mode of spasm on angiography. This technique can therefore be used to assess the nitrate responsiveness on a per-patient level and unmask co-existing microvascular spasm in patients with epicardial spasm that is prevented with NTG. The NTG rechallenge, therefore, allows to further guide targeted therapy for CAS and provide new insights into the pathophysiological mechanism behind vasospastic disorders.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number182
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2022

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