We aimed to investigate adherence to at-home monitoring of foot temperature and its association with patient-, disease- and behavior-related factors, in people with diabetes at high risk of ulceration. We analyzed 151 participants in the enhanced therapy arm of the DIATEMP trial (all at high diabetes-related foot ulcer risk) who aimed to perform and log foot temperatures daily for 18 months or until ulceration. Adherence was the proportion of measurement days covered (PDC), with being adherent defined as PDC≥70%. If a hotspot was recorded, adherence to subsequently reducing ambulatory activity was assessed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate associations with adherence. We found ninety-four participants (62.3%) adherent to measuring foot temperatures. This was higher in months 1-3 versus months 4-18: 118 (78.1%) versus 78 (57.4%; P <.001). Of 83 participants with a hotspot, 24 (28.9%) reduced ambulatory activity. Increasing age (P =.021, OR = 1.045) and better self-care (P =.007, OR = 1.513) were positively associated with adherence to measuring foot temperature. In conclusion, in people at high diabetes-related foot ulcer risk, adherence to measuring foot temperature was high in the first months after study commencing, but dropped over time. Adherence to reducing ambulatory activity when a hotspot was found was low over the entire study period.
- at-home foot temperature measuring
- diabetic foot
- ulcer recurrence