Advances in infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

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Abstract

Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a common condition in infancy, characterized by an acquired narrowing of the pylorus, which requires surgery. These infants usually present with projectile, nonbilious vomiting, with a palpable 'olive' in the abdomen and sometimes a 'peristaltic wave' after being fed with formula or breast milk. Although IHPS is a common disorder, its etiology is largely unknown. Surgical intervention is the standard treatment, preoperative preparation, however is essential to optimal outcome. In this review, the latest advances in IHPS regarding epidemiology, etiology, diagnostics and treatment will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-541
Number of pages9
JournalExpert review of gastroenterology and hepatology
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Fluid resuscitation
  • Infant
  • Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
  • Laparoscopy
  • Pyloromyotomy

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