Alarming Increasing Trends in Hospitalizations and Mortality With Heyde's Syndrome: A Nationwide Inpatient Perspective (2007 to 2014)

Rupak Desai, Tarang Parekh, Sandeep Singh, Upenkumar Patel, Hee Kong Fong, Dipen Zalavadia, Sejal Savani, Rajkumar Doshi, Rajesh Sachdeva, Gautam Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We studied the trends and outcomes of patients with intestinal angiodysplasia-associated gastrointestinal bleeding (Heyde's syndrome [HS]) with aortic stenosis (AS) who underwent surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) versus transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The National Inpatient Sample (2007 to 2014) and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes were used to identify HS hospitalizations, pertinent co-morbidities, and outcomes of SAVR versus TAVI from 2011 to 2014. The incidence of HS with AS was 3.1%. The trends in hospitalizations and all-cause inpatient mortality showed relative surges of 29.16% (from 48 to 62 per 100,000) and 22.7% (from 3.7 to 4.54 per 100,000) from 2007 to 2014. HS patients were older (mean age ∼80 vs 77 years) females (54.3% vs 52.2%) compared with AS without HS. The all-cause mortality (6.9% vs 4.1%), length of stay (LOS) (∼7.0 vs 5.8 days), and hospitalization charges ($58,519.31 vs $57,598.67) were higher in HS (p<0.001). No differences were reported in all-cause mortality and hospital charges in HS patients who underwent either SAVR or TAVI. However, the TAVI cohort showed lower rates of stroke (1.7% vs 10.0%) and blood transfusion (1.7% vs 11.7%), a shorter LOS (18.3 vs 23.9 days; p<0.001), and more routine discharges (21.7% vs 14.8%, p = 0.01). An older age, male gender, Asian race, congestive heart failure, coagulopathy, fluid and/or electrolytes disorders, chronic pulmonary disease, and renal failure raised the odds of mortality in HS patients. In conclusion, we observed increasing rates of hospitalizations with HS and higher inpatient mortality from 2007 to 2014. The HS patients who underwent TAVI had fewer complications without any difference in the all-cause mortality compared with SAVR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1149-1155
JournalAmerican journal of cardiology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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