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The liver controls the systemic exposure of amino acids entering via the gastro-intestinal tract. For most amino acids except branched chain amino acids, hepatic uptake is very efficient. This implies that the liver orchestrates amino acid metabolism and also controls systemic amino acid exposure. Although many amino acid transporters have been identified, cloned and investigated with respect to substrate specificity, transport mechanism, and zonal distribution, which of these players are involved in hepatocellular amino acid transport remains unclear. Here, we aim to provide a review of current insight into the molecular machinery of hepatic amino acid transport. Furthermore, we place this information in a comprehensive overview of amino acid transport, signalling and metabolism.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115074
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022


  • Amino acid signalling
  • Amino acid transport
  • Gluconeogenesis
  • Hepatocyte
  • Liver
  • Metabolic zonation
  • mTORC1

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