Analysis of pristanic acid beta-oxidation intermediates in plasma from healthy controls and patients affected with peroxisomal disorders by stable isotope dilution gas chromatography mass spectrometry

N.M. Verhoeven, D.S.M. Schor, E.A. Struys, E.E.W. Jansen, H.J. ten Brink, R.J.A. Wanders, C.A.J.M. Jakobs

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Abstract

In this paper we report the development of highly sensitive, selective, and accurate stable isotope dilution gas chromatography negative chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS) methods for quantification of peroxisomal beta-oxidation intermediates of pristanic acid in human plasma: 2,3-pristenic acid, 3-hydroxypristanic acid, and 3-ketopristanic acid. The carboxylic groups of the intermediates were converted into pentafluorobenzyl esters, whereas hydroxyl groups were acetylated and ketogroups were methoximized. Hereafter, the samples were subjected to clean-up by high performance liquid chromatography. Analyses were performed by selected monitoring of the carboxylate anions of the derivatives. Control values of all three metabolites were established (2,3-pristenic acid: 2-48 nm, 3-hydroxypristanic acid: 0.02-0.81 nm, 3-ketopristanic acid: 0.07-1.45 nm). A correlation between the concentrations of pristanic acid and its intermediates in plasma was found. The diagnostic value of the methods is illustrated by measurements of the intermediates in plasma from patients with peroxisomal disorders. It is shown that in generalized peroxisomal disorders, the absolute concentrations of 2,3-pristenic acid, 3-hydroxypristanic acid, and 3-ketopristanic acid were comparable to those in the controls, whereas relative to the pristanic acid concentrations these intermediates were significantly decreased. In bifunctional protein deficiency, elevated levels of 2,3-pristenic acid and 3-hydroxypristanic acid were found. 3-Ketopristanic acid, although within the normal range, was relatively low when compared to the high pristanic acid levels in these patients.-Verhoeven, N. M., D. S. M. Schor, E. A. Struys, E. E. W. Jansen, H. J. ten Brink, R. J. A. Wanders, and C. Jakobs. Analysis of pristanic acid beta-oxidation intermediates in plasma from healthy controls and patients affected with peroxisomal disorders by stable isotope dilution gas chromatography mass spectrometry
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-266
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume40
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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