Anomalous connection of the circumflex coronary artery to the pulmonary trunk in a patient with Taussig-Bing anomaly: a case report

Jef van den Eynde, Lukas A. J. Rammeloo, Monique R. M. Jongbloed, Mark G. Hazekamp, Roel L. F. van der Palen

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Background: Coronary anomalies are present in one-third of all patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and have been associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes after the arterial switch operation. Therefore, knowledge about coronary anatomy remains key. Case summary: A 5-day-old girl with prenatal diagnosis of Taussig-Bing anomaly (double outlet right ventricle with TGA and large subpulmonary ventricular septal defect) along with aortic arch hypoplasia and coarctation of the aorta underwent the arterial switch operation with closure of the ventricular septal defect and aortic arch repair. On preoperative echocardiography, the right (R) and left coronary artery (LCx) connected both to aortic sinus 1, suggesting 1RLCx coronary anatomy according to the Leiden Convention coronary coding system. However, intraoperative inspection led to a reclassification of the coronary anatomy: the right coronary artery and left anterior descending coronary artery connected to aortic sinus 1 (1RL) as had been observed on echocardiography, but - remarkably - the circumflex coronary artery (Cx) connected to the posterior sinus of the pulmonary trunk. As a consequence, cardioplegia was administered into both the aortic and pulmonary roots, and the circumflex coronary artery could stay in its native position without having to be transferred during the arterial switch operation. Discussion: Various disruptions during embryological development can lead to unusual coronary anatomy in TGA patients. While anomalous connection of a coronary artery to the pulmonary trunk remains exceedingly rare, care should be taken to identify this pattern when present as failure to do so may result in adverse outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberytac432
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Case Reports
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022

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