Anterior cervical osteophytes resulting in severe dysphagia and aspiration: two case reports and literature review

M.P. Kos, B.J. van Royen, E.F.L. David, H.F. Mahieu

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OBJECTIVE: We report two cases in which dysphagia and aspiration, caused by anterior cervical osteophytes, were so severe that surgical resection was performed. METHOD: Case reports and a review of the world literature concerning dysphagia caused by anterior cervical osteophytes, in regard to pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: Two patients, aged 71 and 70 years, had long-standing, slowly progressive dysphagia and aspiration; one patient had recurrent episodes of aspiration pneumonia as a result. Both patients were diagnosed on videofluoroscopy with large bony anterior cervical osteophytes. Immediate relief of symptoms was obtained after resection of the osteophytes via an anterolateral, extrapharyngeal approach. Anterior cervical osteophytes are relatively common in the elderly, although not frequently diagnosed, and are mostly seen in cases of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. If therapy is indicated it is mainly conservative; resection is rarely needed. CONCLUSION: In patients with anterior cervical osteophytes, surgical treatment is indicated only for selected cases with large, bony osteophytes and severe symptoms
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1169-1173
JournalJournal of laryngology and otology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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