Anti-KIF20B autoantibodies are associated with cranial neuropathy in systemic lupus erythematosus

Eugene Krustev, John G. Hanly, Ricky Chin, Katherine A. Buhler, Murray B. Urowitz, Caroline Gordon, Sang-Cheol Bae, Juanita Romero-Diaz, Jorge Sánchez-Guerrero, Sasha Bernatsky, Daniel J. Wallace, David Isenberg, Anisur Rahman, Joan T. Merrill, Paul R. Fortin, Dafna D. Gladman, Ian N. Bruce, Michelle A. Petri, Ellen M. Ginzler, Mary Anne DooleyRosalind Ramsey-Goldman, Susan Manzi, Andreas Jönsen, Graciela S. Alarcón, Ronald F. van Vollenhoven, Cynthia Aranow, Meggan Mackay, Guillermo Ruiz-Irastorza, Sam Lim, Murat Inanc, Kenneth C. Kalunian, S. ren Jacobsen, Christine A. Peschken, Diane L. Kamen, Anca Askenase, Jill Buyon, Marvin J. Fritzler, Ann E. Clarke, May Y. Choi

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Background Cranial neuropathies (CN) are a rare neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) manifestation. Previous studies reported that antibodies to the kinesin family member 20B (KIF20B) (anti-KIF20B) protein were associated with idiopathic ataxia and CN. We assessed anti-KIF20B as a potential biomarker for NPSLE in an international SLE inception cohort. Methods Individuals fulfilling the revised 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) SLE classification criteria were enrolled from 31 centres from 1999 to 2011 and followed annually in the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus International Collaborating Clinics inception cohort. Anti-KIF20B testing was performed on baseline (within 15 months of diagnosis or first annual visit) samples using an addressable laser bead immunoassay. Logistic regression (penalised maximum likelihood and adjusting for confounding variables) examined the association between anti-KIF20B and NPSLE manifestations (1999 ACR case definitions), including CN, occurring over the first 5 years of follow-up. Results Of the 1827 enrolled cohort members, baseline serum and 5 years of follow-up data were available on 795 patients who were included in this study: 29.8% were anti-KIF20B-positive, 88.7% female, and 52.1% White. The frequency of anti-KIF20B positivity differed only for those with CN (n=10) versus without CN (n=785) (70.0% vs 29.3%; OR 5.2, 95% CI 1.4, 18.5). Compared with patients without CN, patients with CN were more likely to fulfil the ACR haematological (90.0% vs 66.1%; difference 23.9%, 95% CI 5.0%, 42.8%) and ANA (100% vs 95.7%; difference 4.3%, 95% CI 2.9%, 5.8%) criteria. In the multivariate analysis adjusting for age at baseline, female, White race and ethnicity, and ACR haematological and ANA criteria, anti-KIF20B positivity remained associated with CN (OR 5.2, 95% CI 1.4, 19.1). Conclusion Anti-KIF20B is a potential biomarker for SLE-related CN. Further studies are needed to examine how autoantibodies against KIF20B, which is variably expressed in a variety of neurological cells, contribute to disease pathogenesis.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere001139
JournalLupus Science and Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2024

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