Antibodies against recombinant alpha-galactosidase A in Fabry disease: Subclass analysis and impact on response to treatment

S. J. van der Veen, A. B. P. van Kuilenburg, C. E. M. Hollak, P. H. P. Kaijen, J. Voorberg, M. Langeveld

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Background: Treatment of Fabry disease (FD) with recombinant alpha-galactosidase A (r-αGAL A) is complicated by the formation of anti-drug antibodies in the majority of male patients with the classical disease phenotype. Detailed information regarding antibody subtypes, onset and persistence of antibody development and their effect on treatment efficacy is sparse. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out in 39 male patients with classical FD, treated with either agalsidase-alfa or agalsidase-beta (mean follow up of 10 years). With six to twelve months intervals plasma-induced in vitro inhibition of enzyme activity, lysoglobotriaosylsphingosine (lysoGb3) levels and renal function were assessed. In a subset of 12 patients, additionally anti- r-αGAL A IgM, IgA and IgG1, 2, 3 and 4 levels were analyzed. Results: In 23 out of 39 patients, plasma-induced in vitro inhibition of r-αGAL A activity was observed (inhibition-positive). The inhibition titer was strongly negatively correlated to the decrease in lysoGb3: agalsidase-alfa (FElog10(inhibition) = −10.3, P ≤.001), agalsidase-beta (FElog10(inhibition) = −4.7, P ≤.001). Inhibition-positive patients had an accelerated decline in renal function (FE = 1.21, p = .042). During treatment IgG1 anti-r-αGAL A levels increased only in inhibition-positive patients (p = .0045). IgG4 anti-r-αGAL A antibodies developed in 7 out of 9 inhibition-positive patients. Other antibody subclasses were either not present or too low to quantify. Conclusion: Development of inhibiting antibodies against r-αGAL A negatively affects the biochemical response to ERT and resulted in an accelerated decline in renal function. The presence of IgG1 and IgG4 anti-r-αGAL A antibodies is associated with in vitro αGAL A activity inhibition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-168
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism
Issue number2
Early online date2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

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