Anxiety and the risk of death in older men and women

Hein P.J. Van Hout, Aartjan T.F. Beekman, Edwin De Beurs, Hannie Comijs, Harm Van Marwijk, Marten De Haan, Willem Van Tilburg, Dorly J.H. Deeg

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Background: There are inconsistent reports as to whether people with anxiety disorders have a higher mortality risk. Aims: To determine whether anxiety disorders predict mortality in older men and women in the community. Method: Longitudinal data were used from a large, community-based random sample (n=3107) of older men and women (55-85 years) inThe Netherlands, with a follow-up period of 7.5 years. Anxiety disorders were assessed according to DSM-III criteria in a two-stage screening design. Results: In men, the adjusted mortality risk was 1.78 (95% C11.01-3.13) in cases with diagnosed anxiety disorders at baseline. In women, no significant association was found with mortality. Conclusions: The study revealed a gender difference in the association between anxiety and mortality. For men, but not for women, an increased mortality risk was found for anxiety disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-404
Number of pages6
JournalBritish journal of psychiatry
Issue numberNOV.
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004

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