Artemisinin exposure at the ring or trophozoite stage impacts Plasmodium falciparum sexual conversion differently

Harvie P. Portugaliza, Shinya Miyazaki, Fiona Ja Geurten, Christopher Pell, Anna Rosanas-Urgell, Chris J. Janse, Alfred Cortés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Malaria transmission is dependent on the formation of gametocytes in the human blood. The sexual conversion rate, the proportion of asexual parasites that convert into gametocytes at each multiplication cycle, is variable and reflects the relative parasite investment between transmission and maintaining the infection. The impact of environmental factors such as drugs on sexual conversion rates is not well understood. We developed a robust assay using gametocyte-reporter parasite lines to accurately measure the impact of drugs on sexual conversion rates, independently from their gametocytocidal activity. We found that exposure to subcurative doses of the frontline antimalarial drug dihydroartemisinin (DHA) at the trophozoite stage resulted in a ~ fourfold increase in sexual conversion. In contrast, no increase was observed when ring stages were exposed or in cultures in which sexual conversion was stimulated by choline depletion. Our results reveal a complex relationship between antimalarial drugs and sexual conversion, with potential public health implications.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere60058
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2020


  • Artemisinin
  • Gametocytes
  • Malaria
  • P. falciparum
  • PfAP2-G
  • cell biology
  • infectious disease
  • microbiology
  • sexual commitment
  • sexual conversion rate

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