Arterial Blood Pressure Induces Transient C4b-Binding Protein in Human Saphenous Vein Grafts

Koba Kupreishvili, Christof Meischl, Alexander B A Vonk, Wim Stooker, Leon Eijsman, Anna M Blom, Paul H A Quax, Victor W M van Hinsbergh, Hans W M Niessen, Paul A J Krijnen

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BACKGROUND: Complement is an important mediator in arterial blood pressure-induced vein graft failure. Previously, we noted activation of cell protective mechanisms in human saphenous veins too. Here we have analyzed whether C4b-binding protein (C4bp), an endogenous complement inhibitor, is present in the vein wall.

METHODS: Human saphenous vein segments obtained from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (n = 55) were perfused in vitro at arterial blood pressure with either autologous blood for 1, 2, 4, or 6 hr or with autologous blood supplemented with reactive oxygen species scavenger N-acetylcysteine. The segments were subsequently analyzed quantitatively for presence of C4bp and complement activation product C3d using immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS: Perfusion induced deposition of C3d and C4bp within the media of the vessel wall, which increased reproducibly and significantly over a period of 4 hr up to 3.8% for C3d and 81% for C4bp of the total vessel area. Remarkably after 6 hr of perfusion, the C3d-positive area decreased significantly to 1.3% and the C4bp-positive area to 19% of the total area of the vein. The areas positive for both C4bp and C3d were increased in the presence of N-acetylcysteine.

CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to arterial blood pressure leads to a transient presence of C4bp in the vein wall. This may be part of a cell-protective mechanism to counteract arterial blood pressure-induced cellular stress and inflammation in grafted veins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-264
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Publication statusPublished - May 2017


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