Assessment of (123)I-mIBG and (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin single-photon emission computed tomographic images for the prediction of arrhythmic events in patients with ischemic heart failure: Intermediate severity innervation defects are associated with higher arrhythmic risk

Mark I. Travin, Milena J. Henzlova, Berthe L. F. van Eck-Smit, Diwakar Jain, Ignasi Carrió, Russell D. Folks, Ernest V. Garcia, Arnold F. Jacobson, Hein J. Verberne

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(123)I-mIBG planar image heart-to-mediastinum ratios effectively risk-stratify heart failure (HF) patients. The value of single-photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) imaging for identifying increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias is less clear. This study sought to determine if findings from simultaneous interpretation of (123)I-mIBG and (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT are predictive of arrhythmic events (ArEs). (123)I-mIBG SPECT images from 622 patients with ischemic HF were presented in standard displays alongside (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin images. Consensus interpretations using a 17-segment model produced summed scores. Cox proportional hazards analyses related findings to adjudicated ArEs over 2 years. 471 patients had images adequate for total 17-segment scoring. There were 48 ArEs (10.2%). Neither (123)I-mIBG nor (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin SPECT summed scores were univariate predictors. On multivariate proportional hazards analysis, the (123)I-mIBG SPECT score was independently predictive of ArEs (HR: 0.975, 95% CI 0.951-0.999, P = 0.042), but HR <1 indicated that risk decreased with increasing score. This occurred because patients with intermediately abnormal SPECT studies had a higher likelihood of ArEs compared to patients with extensive abnormalities. The presumption of a monotonic increase in ArE risk with increasing summed (123)I-mIBG SPECT score may not be correct as ischemic HF patients with abnormalities of intermediate extent appear at highest risk
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-391
JournalJournal of nuclear cardiology
Issue number2
Early online date2016
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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