Assessment of disability in idiopathic inflammatory myopathy: a call for linearity

Dutch Myositis Network

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinimetric properties of the Academic Medical Centre Disability Score (ALDS) in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). METHODS: We used prospectively collected data of IIM patients who completed a phase-2 study with first-line IVIG monotherapy. The ALDS is a patient-reported questionnaire which contains 25 items relevant for disability in myositis. ALDS and all core set measures (CSMs) for myositis [including HAQ-Disability Index (HAQ-DI)] were evaluated at baseline and 9 weeks follow-up. In addition, the 2016 ACR/EULAR myositis response criteria outcome called Total Improvement Score (TIS) was evaluated at 9 weeks. We examined floor/ceiling effects, reliability and construct validity of the ALDS. To examine known-group validity, ALDS change scores over time were compared with TIS and physician impression of clinical response. RESULTS: Nineteen patients with IIM [median age 59 years, 12 (63%) female] were enrolled. At baseline, ALDS showed a median score of 65.4 (IQR 58.2-73.5), good Cronbach's alpha (α = 0.84) and a small ceiling effect (11%). Construct validity was confirmed by moderate to strong correlations between ALDS and HAQ-DI [rs = -0.57 (baseline); -0.86 (follow-up)]. ALDS change score correlated with TIS (rs = 0.70), discriminated between responders and non-responders (TIS ≥ 40; P = 0.001), between groups based on physician impression of clinical response (P = 0.03), and detected deterioration. CONCLUSION: The ALDS showed promising clinimetric properties and detected relevant changes in disability in patients with myositis. These results warrant further investigations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3420-3426
Number of pages7
JournalRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Issue number8
Early online date7 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2022


  • ALDS
  • clinimetric evaluation
  • disability score
  • idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
  • myositis

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