Autologous stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma after VAD and EDAP courses: a high incidence of oligoclonal serum Igs post transplantation

S. Hovenga, J. T. de Wolf, J. E. Guikema, H. Klip, J. W. Smit, C. T. Smit Sibinga, N. A. Bos, E. Vellenga

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Thirty-seven patients with multiple myeloma (stage II and III, 65% increased beta2-microglobulin level) were prospectively treated with a median of 3.7 VAD courses (range 2-8) followed by cyclophosphamide (6 g/m2) in conjunction with G-CSF (5 microg/kg filgrastrim (n = 14), or 3.5 microg/kg lenograstrim (n = 22)), and peripheral stem cell (PSC) isolation. After regeneration this was followed by one EDAP course and high-dose melphalan (HDM, 200 mg/m2) in combination with re-infusion of PSC. Adequate stem cell mobilization was obtained with both G-CSF regimens. A median of 41x10(6) CD34+ cells/kg (range 4.5-161) was collected in a median of 1.6 leukapheresis procedures following filgrastrim (n = 14) and 24x10(6) CD34+ cells/kg (range 2. 3-80) in a median of 1.7 leukapheresis procedures following lenograstrim (n = 22) which indicated no significant difference (P = 0.24) between both G-CSF regimens. A rapid hematological recovery was obtained after HDM with reinfusion of a median of 9.3x10(6) CD34+ cells/kg. After the total courses the overall response was 84% with a complete remission rate of 30%. Currently the median overall survival is 44.0 months (95% CI 38.9-49.1) with a median follow-up of 33 months (range 3-51) and a median event-free survival of 29.0 months (95% CI 25.3-32.7) (n = 33). Post transplantation a high incidence of oligloclonal serum immunoglobulins (Igs) was observed. In 73% of the patients new oligoclonal or monoclonal serum bands were noticed 3 months post transplantation. IgG-lambda and IgG-kappa bands predominated. In 48% of the cases the oligoclonal Igs disappeared after a median follow-up of 22 months (range 8-36), whereas in 52% of the cases the oligoclonal Igs persisted with a median follow-up of 31 months (range 21-45), which did not correlate with a significant difference in overall, and event-free survival between both subgroups
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)723-728
JournalBone marrow transplantation
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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