Automated quantitative evaluation of diseased and nondiseased renal transplants with MR renography

Jacobus A. de Priester, Jacques A. den Boer, Maarten H. L. Christiaans, Alphons G. H. Kessels, Eelco L. W. Giele, Arie Hasman, Hans P. van Hooff, Jos M. A. van Engelshoven

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PURPOSE: To present a method of automated parametric quantification of dynamic MR enhancement curves of renal transplants and evaluate the disease-discriminating properties of the resulting MR renography (MRR) data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 27 patients with nondiseased renal transplants and eight patients with diseased renal transplants. The examination was repeated in 10 patients and the reproducibility of the enhancement parameters was estimated by analysis of variance (ANOVA). The disease-discriminating properties of the transplant volumes and enhancement parameters were tested with t-tests and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The enhancement parameters were reproducible. The mean medullary nephronal washout rate (lambda1) and cortical arterial blood volume (mu0) were lower in diseased renal transplants. The combination of these parameters was a strong predictor of renal transplant disease (area under ROC curve 0.98; 95% confidence interval 0.96-1.0). CONCLUSION: Automated parametric quantification of cortical and medullary enhancement is feasible and allows the accurate detection of nonsurgical disease in renal transplants by MRR
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
JournalJournal of magnetic resonance imaging
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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