Baseline MDCT findings after prosthetic heart valve implantation provide important complementary information to echocardiography for follow-up purposes

Dominika Suchá, Steven A. J. Chamuleau, Petr Symersky, Matthijs F. L. Meijs, Renee B. A. van den Brink, Bas A. J. M. de Mol, Willem P. Th M. Mali, Jesse Habets, Lex A. van Herwerden, Ricardo P. J. Budde

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Recent studies have proposed additional multidetector-row CT (MDCT) for prosthetic heart valve (PHV) dysfunction. References to discriminate physiological from pathological conditions early after implantation are lacking. We present baseline MDCT findings of PHVs 6 weeks post implantation. Patients were prospectively enrolled and TTE was performed according to clinical guidelines. 256-MDCT images were systematically assessed for leaflet excursions, image quality, valve-related artefacts, and pathological and additional findings. Forty-six patients were included comprising 33 mechanical and 16 biological PHVs. Overall, MDCT image quality was good and relevant regions remained reliably assessable despite mild-moderate PHV-artefacts. MDCT detected three unexpected valve-related pathology cases: (1) prominent subprosthetic tissue, (2) pseudoaneurysm and (3) extensive pseudoaneurysms and valve dehiscence. The latter patient required valve surgery to be redone. TTE only showed trace periprosthetic regurgitation, and no abnormalities in the other cases. Additional findings were: tilted aortic PHV position (n = 3), pericardial haematoma (n = 3) and pericardial effusion (n = 3). Periaortic induration was present in 33/40 (83 %) aortic valve patients. MDCT allowed evaluation of relevant PHV regions in all valves, revealed baseline postsurgical findings and, despite normal TTE findings, detected three cases of unexpected, clinically relevant pathology. • Postoperative MDCT presents baseline morphology relevant for prosthetic valve follow-up. • 83 % of patients show periaortic induration 6 weeks after aortic valve replacement. • MDCT detected three cases of clinically relevant pathology not found with TTE. • Valve dehiscence detection by MDCT required redo valve surgery in one patient. • MDCT is a suitable and complementary imaging tool for follow-up purposes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)997-1006
JournalEuropean Radiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016


  • Diagnostic imaging
  • Echocardiography
  • Heart valve prosthesis
  • Multidetector-row computed tomography
  • Reference standard

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