Beyond Checkpoint Inhibitors: Enhancing Antitumor Immune Response in Lung Cancer

Rachel E Sanborn, Famke L Schneiders, Suresh Senan, Shirish M Gadgeel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The introduction of immune checkpoint inhibitors has dramatically changed the treatment landscape and improved survival for many patients with thoracic malignancies. Although some patients may experience prolonged survival benefit with immune checkpoint inhibitors, a majority do not experience disease control or benefit, supporting the need for research and development of improved approaches for facilitating immune recognition. Additionally, many patients will experience toxicity with the current approaches to immunotherapy, supporting the need for developing treatment strategies with less risk of adverse events. An extensive array of different strategies are currently under investigation, including novel combinations of checkpoint inhibitors or immunotherapies; novel agents beyond checkpoint inhibitors (e.g., bispecific antibodies, vaccine strategies, cytokine therapies); and different approaches for use of radiation to augment systemic immunotherapy agents. With each strategy, researchers are evaluating the potential for augmenting antitumor responses and ensuring more sustained antitumor effects. This article highlights areas of active research, reviewing the rationale for different investigative strategies, as well as currently available clinical data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Society of Clinical Oncology educational book
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • Antibodies, Bispecific
  • Humans
  • Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
  • Immunity
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Immunotherapy
  • Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy

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