INTRODUCTION: The number of cancer survivors in a working age is rising. An awareness of factors associated with adverse work outcomes, and of supportive interventions, is needed. SOURCES OF DATA: A narrative review of research obtained via several databases, including Medline and PsycINFO, was conducted. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: A range of factors is associated with adverse work outcomes such as prolonged sick leave, delayed return to work, disability pension and unemployment in cancer survivors. They include the cancer type and treatment, fatigue, cognitive functioning, work factors and elements of health care systems. Effective supportive interventions encompass physical and multicomponent interventions. AREAS OF CONTROVERSY: The role of behaviour determinants and legislative and insurance systems is unclear. It is furthermore uncertain what the optimal timing of delivering supportive interventions is. GROWING POINTS: Further focus on vulnerable groups, including specific cancer types and those with lower income, lower educational level and in precarious employment, is needed. AREAS TIMELY FOR DEVELOPING RESEARCH: Recent developments are tailored and timely interventions.
- adverse work outcomes