Cardiovascular instability and baroreflex activity in a patient with tetanus

J. J. van Lieshout, W. Wieling, J. J. Settels, J. M. Karemaker

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Abstract

In a patient with tetanus we tested the hypothesis that the hyperadrenergic cardiovascular instability might be due to impairment of the baroreceptor reflex by the tetanus toxin. Baroreflex sensitivity assessed with the phenylephrine method was found to be normal. Changes in arterial pressure correlated inversely with relative changes in plasma volume but not with plasma catecholamine levels. There were both extreme hypo- and hyper-adrenergic episodes. We conclude that sympathetic overactivity in tetanus temporarily overrules a functionally intact baroreflex leading to severe blood pressure instability with episodes of hypertension
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-8
JournalClinical autonomic research
Volume1
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1991

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