Central administration of an orexin receptor 1 antagonist prevents the stimulatory effect of Olanzapine on endogenous glucose production

Elodie M. Girault, Ewout Foppen, Mariëtte T. Ackermans, Eric Fliers, Andries Kalsbeek

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Atypical antipsychotic drugs such as Olanzapine (Olan) induce weight gain and metabolic changes associated with the development of type 2 diabetes. The mechanisms underlying these undesired side-effects are currently unknown. It has been shown that peripheral injections of Olan activate neurons in the lateral hypothalamus/perifornical area and that a large part of these neurons are orexin (Ox) A-positive. We investigated further the possible involvement of the central Ox system in the metabolic side-effects of Olan by comparing the hyperglycaemic effects of an intragastric (IG) Olan infusion between animals treated intracerebroventricularly (ICV) with an Ox-1 receptor antagonist (SB-408124) or vehicle. As observed in previous studies IG Olan caused an increase in blood glucose, endogenous glucose production and plasma glucagon levels. ICV pre-treatment with the Ox-1 receptor antagonist did not affect the Olan-induced hyperglycaemia or increased plasma glucagon concentrations, but the increased endogenous glucose production was blunted by the ICV SB-408124 treatment. From these results we conclude that the metabolic side-effects of Olan are partly mediated by the hypothalamic Ox system
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-245
JournalBrain Research
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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