Central venous catheter use part 1: Mechanical complications

Kees H. Polderman, Armand R. Girbes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

270 Citations (Scopus)


Central venous catheters are being increasingly used in both intensive care units and general wards. Their use is associated with both mechanical and infectious complications. This review will focus on short- and medium-term mechanical complications of catheter placement; infectious complications will be discussed in a separate article. The most important risk factors are patient characteristics (morbidity, underlying disease and local anatomy), the expertise of the doctor performing the procedure, and nursing care. Placement aids, such as ultrasound-guided catheter insertion, are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalIntensive care medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2002


  • Central venous catheters
  • Literature review
  • Location
  • Material
  • Mechanical complications
  • Preventive strategy
  • Risk factors

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