Childhood maltreatment, maladaptive personality types and level and course of psychological distress: A six-year longitudinal study

Philip Spinhoven, Bernet M. Elzinga, Albert M. Van Hemert, Mark de Rooij, Brenda W. Penninx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-108
JournalJournal of affective disorders
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


  • Anxiety
  • Avoidance
  • Childhood trauma
  • Depression
  • Personality traits

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