Classification of acetabular changes in osteoarthritis: a histological and radiological analysis of 122 consecutive drill biopsies routinely taken during THA

Martin Clauss, Thomas Ilchmann, Peter Zimmermann, Matthias U. Schafroth, Martin Lüem, Peter E. Ochsner

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Aseptic acetabular loosening cannot be explained with a single theory and lots of studies deal with the influence of implant design and surgical technique on implant survival. Implant registers show the effect of demographic and patient-related parameters on acetabular loosening. There is little information about the influence of the acetabular bone quality on cup loosening. In a prospective study, we investigated the first 122 consecutive routinely taken biopsies out of acetabular bone stock taken during primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) before reaming of the cup. Undecalcified bone samples should be classified in respect to architecture and vitality in different histological types. Four types were defined and the primary diagnosis and the severity of the preoperative radiological changes were correlated to this classification. A total number of 110 (90%) out of 122 biopsies could be classified to one specific type of biopsy, nine were not classifiable and three showed special entities [rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and coxitis]. Double examination showed a high intraobserver agreement (kappa 0.972). There was a correlation between the four defined types of bone biopsies and the radiological severity of osteoarthritis (P <0.0001) but not with the diagnosis (P=0.104). Histological changes during the development of osteoarthritis of the hip occur regularly, can be classified in four groups and are predictable from radiological changes on preoperative radiographs
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-556
JournalSurgical and radiologic anatomy
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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