Classifications of mastoid and middle ear surgery: A scoping review

Paul Merkus, Pieter Kemp, Fuat Ziylan, Matthew Yung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this scoping review was to evaluate existing classifications of surgical procedures of the middle ear and mastoid and find a suitable classification that could serve as an international standard. MATERIALS and METHODS: Scoping review with a systematic literature search using reference tracking and a syntax including all surgical procedures in mastoid and middle ear surgery and their synonyms. Studies were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS: Eleven reported classifications were included; six of which focused on middle ear surgery, two on mastoid surgery, and three on both. However, none of the classifications included all current surgical procedures of mastoid and middle ear surgery. CONCLUSION: Many classifications have been proposed for innumerable surgical techniques in middle ear and mastoid surgery. Some are outdated, some are incomplete, most are not widely accepted, and only few correspond with all current surgical techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-232
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of International Advanced Otology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • Classification
  • Ear surgery
  • Mastoid
  • Middle ear
  • Registry
  • Review

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