Clinical outcome measures in SPMS trials: An analysis of the IMPACT and ASCEND original trial data sets

Marcus W. Koch, Jop Mostert, Bernard Uitdehaag, Gary Cutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Still too little is known about the natural history of clinical outcome measures beyond the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), such as the timed 25-foot walk (T25FW) and nine-hole peg test (9HPT) in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). Objective: To describe progression on the EDSS, T25FW, 9HPT, and their combinations. To investigate the association of the baseline characteristics age, sex, EDSS, T25FW, gadolinium-enhancing lesions, and relapse activity with EDSS and T25FW progression. Methods: Using original trial data from the placebo arms of the IMPACT and ASCEND randomized controlled trials, we describe disability progression (with and without 3- or 6-month confirmation). We investigated the association of selected baseline characteristics with EDSS and T25FW progression over 2 years using binary logistic regression. Results: T25FW was the single outcome measure with the largest proportion of patients progressing, followed by EDSS and 9HPT. EDSS and T25FW at baseline were associated with EDSS and T25FW progression in both data sets. Age and relapse activity were only mild and inconsistent predictors, while sex and gadolinium enhancement at baseline did not predict disability progression in either data set. Conclusion: Our analyses inform the selection of primary outcome measures as well as inclusion criteria for clinical trials in SPMS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1540-1549
Number of pages10
Issue number12
Early online date1 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Clinical trial
  • outcome measurement
  • progressive

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