Cloning and characterization of two guide RNA-binding proteins from mitochondria of Crithidia fasciculat gBP27, a novel protein, and gBP29, the orthologue of Trypanosoma brucei gBP21

D. Blom, J. van den Burg, C.K.D. Breek, D. Speijer, A.O. Muijsers, R. Benne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


In kinetoplastid protozoa, mitochondrial (mt) mRNAs are post-transcriptionally edited by insertion and deletion of uridylate residues, the information being provided by guide (g)RNAs. Currently popular mechanisms for the editing process envisage a series of consecutive 'cut-and-paste' reactions, carried out by a complex RNP machinery. Here we report on the purification, cloning and functional analysis of two gRNA-binding proteins of 28.8 (gBP29) and 26.8 kDa (gBP27) from mitochondria of the insect trypanosome Crithidia fasciculata. gBP29 and gBP27 proved to be similar, Arg + Ala-rich proteins, with pI values of approximately 10.0. gBP27 has no homology to known proteins, but gBP29 is the C.fasciculata orthologue of gBP21 from Trypanosoma brucei, a gRNA-binding protein that associates with active RNA editing complexes. As measured in UV cross-linking assays, His-tagged recombinant gBP29 and gBP27 bind to radiolabelled poly(U) and synthetic gRNAs, while competition experiments suggest a role for the gRNA 3'-(U)-tail in binding to these proteins. Immunoprecipitates of mt extracts generated with antibodies against gBP29 also contained gBP27 and vice versa. The immunoprecipitates further harbored a large proportion of the cellular content of four different gRNAs and of edited and pre-edited NADH dehydrogenase subunit 7 mRNAs, but only small amounts of mt rRNAs. In addition, the bulk of gBP29 and gBP27 co-eluted with gRNAs from gel filtration columns in the high molecular weight range. Together, these results suggest that the proteins are part of a large macromolecular complex(es). We infer that gBP29 and gBP27 are components of the C.fasciculata editing machinery that may interact with gRNAs
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2950-2962
Number of pages12
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • AMC wi-eigen

Cite this