Coagulation Factor Xa inhibits cancer cell migration via Protease-activated receptor-1 activation

Keren Borensztajn, Maarten F. Bijlsma, Pieter H. Reitsma, Maikel P. Peppelenbosch, C. Arnold Spek

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Cell migration is critically important in (patho) physiological processes. The metastatic potential of cancer cells partly depends on activation of the coagulation cascade. The aim of the present study was to determine whether coagulation factor X (FXa) can regulate the migration and invasion of cancer cells. Quite unexpectedly, we found that FXa markedly diminished the migration of different cancer cell lines of various origins (breast, lung and colon cancer cells). We showed that FXa mediated inhibition of cancer cell migration was specific, as it was inhibited by TAP (a specific FXa inhibitor) but not by Hirudin (a specific thrombin inhibitor). Moreover, the FXa effect was dose dependent, with a maximal inhibitory effect reached at 0.75 U/ml FXa (corresponding to 130.5 nM). Next, we determined that FXa acted via protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1-dependent signaling, and PAR-1 desensitization, as well as knocking-down PAR-1 expression, abolished the FXa effects. Finally, we showed that Gi alpha was not involved in FXa mediated inhibition of cell migration as its effects were not reverted by pertussis toxin. These results suggest that, beyond its role in blood coagulation, FXa plays a key role in cancer cell migration. They also shed light on an unexpected role of PAR-1, which appears to be a Janus-like receptor in cancer cell biology. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-225
JournalThrombosis research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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