Combinatorial Blood Platelets-Derived circRNA and mRNA Signature for Early-Stage Lung Cancer Detection

Silvia D’Ambrosi, Stavros Giannoukakos, Mafalda Antunes-Ferreira, Carlos Pedraz-Valdunciel, Jillian W. P. Bracht, Nicolas Potie, Ana Gimenez-Capitan, Michael Hackenberg, Alberto Fernandez Hilario, Miguel A. Molina-Vila, Rafael Rosell, Thomas Würdinger, Danijela Koppers-Lalic

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the diversity of liquid biopsy transcriptomic repertoire, numerous studies often exploit only a single RNA type signature for diagnostic biomarker potential. This frequently results in insufficient sensitivity and specificity necessary to reach diagnostic utility. Combinatorial biomarker approaches may offer a more reliable diagnosis. Here, we investigated the synergistic contributions of circRNA and mRNA signatures derived from blood platelets as biomarkers for lung cancer detection. We developed a comprehensive bioinformatics pipeline permitting an analysis of platelet-circRNA and mRNA derived from non-cancer individuals and lung cancer patients. An optimal selected signature is then used to generate the predictive classification model using machine learning algorithm. Using an individual signature of 21 circRNA and 28 mRNA, the predictive models reached an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.88 and 0.81, respectively. Importantly, combinatorial analysis including both types of RNAs resulted in an 8-target signature (6 mRNA and 2 circRNA), enhancing the differentiation of lung cancer from controls (AUC of 0.92). Additionally, we identified five biomarkers potentially specific for early-stage detection of lung cancer. Our proof-of-concept study presents the first multi-analyte-based approach for the analysis of platelets-derived biomarkers, providing a potential combinatorial diagnostic signature for lung cancer detection.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4881
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • cancer diagnosis
  • circular RNA
  • liquid biopsy
  • lung cancer
  • messenger RNA
  • platelets

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