Like any interventional procedure, IRE is associated with its own distinctive complications and contraindications. Complications of IRE can be divided into three categories: risks related to (I) the general procedure, (II) needle placement, and (III) the applied electrical field. In general, patient selection is crucial in minimizing the risk of complications. Tumor characteristics and patients' performance status should be taken into account. The open and percutaneous techniques both have their advantages and disadvantages. In this chapter, frequently encountered complications as well as different treatment strategies to prevent their occurrence are discussed. These should aid the clinician during the procedure as well as during post-IRE patient management.
|Irreversible Electroporation in Clinical Practice