Considerations for routinely testing for high Lp(a)

Research output: Contribution to JournalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of review Lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) is a likely causal risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and aortic valve disease, confirmed by Mendelian randomization. With reliable assays, it has been established that Lp(a) is linearly associated with ASCVD. Current low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering therapies do not or minimally lower Lp(a). This review focuses on the clinical importance and therapeutic consequences of Lp(a) measurement. Recent findings Development of RNA-based Lp(a) lowering therapeutics has positioned Lp(a) as one of the principal residual risk factors to target in the battle against lipid-driven ASCVD risk. Pelacarsen, which is a liver-specific antisense oligonucleotide, has shown Lp(a) reductions up to 90% and its phase 3 trial is currently underway. Olpasiran is a small interfering RNA targeting LPA messenger RNA which is being investigated in phase 2 and has already shown dose-dependent Lp(a) reductions up to 90%. Summary Lp(a) should be measured in every patient at least once to identify patients with very high Lp(a) levels. These patients could benefit from Lp(a) lowering therapies when approved. In the meantime, therapy in high Lp(a) patients should focus on further reducing LDL-C and other ASCVD risk factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-218
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent opinion in lipidology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • ASCVD risk
  • guidelines
  • lipoprotein(a)

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