CT-based quantification of bone stock in large head metal-on-metal unilateral total hip replacements

Martijn F. Boomsma, Inge Slouwerhof, Christiaan van Lingen, Dean F. M. Pakvis, Jorn A. van Dalen, Mireille A. Edens, Harmen B. Ettema, Cees C. P. M. Verheyen, Mario Maas

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Abstract

To explore ipsilateral and contralateral acetabular roof bone stock density in unilateral large head MoM THA whether there is a significant lower acetabular bone stock in the hip with a metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacement compared to the contralateral side. Second part of this study is to examine if there are any associates with regard to potential bone stock density difference. A database of 317 patients with unilateral metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacements was set up retrospectively for this study. On computed tomography scans, conducted after a relative short in situ time period averaging 2.8 years, regions-of-interests were drawn in the trabecular bone of the acetabulum to measure average Hounsfield Units (HU). HU differences were calculated and tested by Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Univariate analysis was conducted to examine associates of potential bone loss. In a population of 317 patients (156 male, 161 female) with an average age of 61.9 +/- 7.8, the median HU on the side of the MoM replacement was 123.3 (7.6-375.4). On the contralateral side, median HU was 144.7 (-0.4 to 332.8). The median HU difference was 21.4 after a mean post-operative in situ time of 2.8 years. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test proved a significant difference (p <0.001). Univariate analyses show that the in situ time of the MoM THA has a significant correlation with the bone density difference. Results show a significant lower bone density at the acetabular roof at the side of the prosthesis compared with the contralateral side after short in situ time of the MoM THA in patients with unilateral MoM total hip replacements. In our patient population, the in situ time showed a significant association with the acetabular bone density difference. As acetabular roof bone stock measurements are feasible and show temporal decline this could become an important parameter to be used in orthopedic decision making for revision surgery
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-763
JournalEuropean journal of radiology
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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