Cyclophosphamide increases transgene expression mediated by an oncolytic adenovirus in glioma-bearing mice monitored by bioluminescence imaging

Martine L. M. Lamfers, Giulia Fulci, Davide Gianni, Yi Tang, Kazuhiko Kurozumi, Balveen Kaur, Sharif Moeniralm, Yoshinaga Saeki, Jan E. Carette, Ralph Weissleder, W. Peter Vandertop, Victor W. van Beusechem, Clemens M. F. Dirven, E. Antonio Chiocca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


Approaches to improve the oncolytic potency of replication-competent adenoviruses include the insertion of therapeutic transgenes into the viral genome. Little is known about the levels and duration of in vivo transgene expression by cells infected with such "armed" viruses. Using a tumor-selective adenovirus encoding firefly luciferase (AdDelta24CMV-Luc) we investigated these questions in an intracranial mouse model for malignant glioma. Luciferase expression was detected by bioluminescence imaging, and the effect of the immunosuppressive agent cyclophosphamide (CPA) on transgene expression was assessed. Intratumoral AdDelta24CMV-Luc injection led to a localized dose-dependent expression of luciferase. Surprisingly, this expression decreased rapidly during the course of 14 days. In contrast, mice injected with nonreplicating Ad.CMV-Luc demonstrated stable transgene expression. Treatment of mice with CPA in combination with AdDelta24CMV-Luc retarded the loss of transgene expression. Staining of mouse brains for inflammatory cells demonstrated decreased tumor infiltration by immune cells in CPA-treated mice. Moreover, in immunodeficient NOD/SCID mice loss of transgene expression was less rapid and not prevented by CPA treatment. Together, our data demonstrate that transgene expression and viral replication decrease rapidly after intratumoral injection of oncolytic adenovirus in mouse brains and that treatment with the immunomodulator CPA prolongs viral-mediated gene expression
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-788
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular therapy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006


  • Adenoviridae/genetics
  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD/analysis
  • Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic/analysis
  • Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/administration & dosage
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage
  • Female
  • Genetic Vectors/administration & dosage
  • Glioma/genetics
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis
  • Luciferases/genetics
  • Luminescent Measurements/methods
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred NOD
  • Mice, Nude
  • Mice, SCID
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Neoplasms, Experimental/genetics
  • Oncolytic Viruses/genetics
  • Transgenes/genetics
  • Transplantation, Heterologous

Cite this