Deprescribing in newly admitted psychogeriatric nursing facility patients

Audrey A. Blenke, Rob J. van Marum, Annemieke M. Vermeulen Windsant-van den Tweel, Walter A. Hermens, Hieronymus J. Derijks

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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether advised changes as a result of structured medication reviews in psychogeriatric patients were implemented and if the implemented changes were maintained. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Three nursing facilities in The Netherlands. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Newly admitted psychogeriatric residents. INTERVENTION: After admission, a structured medication review was performed by a pharmacist and physician resulting in a treatment plan that was approved by the patient's legal representative and implemented. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The percentage of advised changes approved (= approval rate) and the percentage of implemented medication changes still present 90 days after approval (= 90-day implementation rate). RESULTS: A total of 45 patients were included who used a total number of 333 drugs (mean ± standard deviation 7.4 ± 3.3 drugs). Changes were advised to 159 medications used by 42 patients. Of these changes, 150 were approved (approval rate 94.3%). Finally, 105 were implemented, and 89 were still implemented after 90 days (90-day implementation rate 84.8%). Overall, 59.7% of the advised changes concerned deprescribing (stopping or dose reduction). The proportion of advised changes implemented was similar for symptommodifying and risk-modifying drugs, namely, almost 85%. Overall, 55.3% of the recommended changes to deprescribe concerned 10 drug groups. CONCLUSION: Medication could be successfully deprescribed from psychogeriatric patients after structured medication reviews performed by pharmacists and nursing facility physicians. More than 50% of the advised changes to deprescribe involved 10 drug groups, which raises the question whether the structured medication review can be performed more efficiently by focusing on the most common problems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-338
JournalConsultant Pharmacist
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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