Abstract

Background: Desmopressin is an important treatment option in nonsevere hemophilia A because it has several benefits compared with factor (F) concentrates, including no inhibitor risk and much lower costs. Despite these advantages, data are limited on the real-world use of desmopressin in the treatment of bleeds. Objective: To describe the clinical use of desmopressin in relation to other therapeutic modalities in the treatment of bleeding episodes in patients with nonsevere hemophilia A. Methods: Patients with nonsevere hemophilia A aged 12–55 years were included from the DYNAMO cohort study. Data on the desmopressin test response and treated bleeding events in the period January 2009 to July 2020 were retrospectively collected from medical files. An adequate desmopressin test response was defined based on a peak FVIII level of ≥30 IU/dl. Results: A total of 248 patients with a median age of 38 years (interquartile range 25–49) were included. An adequate desmopressin test response was documented in 25% and 73% of patients with moderate and mild hemophilia, respectively. In adequate responders, 51% of bleeds were exclusively treated with FVIII concentrates, 24% exclusively with desmopressin, 21% with a combination of both and 4% with other treatments. In 54% of bleeds treated with a single dose of factor concentrates, the expected FVIII level after desmopressin exceeded the level targeted. Conclusion: Most bleeds in patients with an adequate response to desmopressin are treated with factor concentrates. These findings may indicate a suboptimal use of desmopressin and that barriers to the use of desmopressin should be explored.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12777
JournalResearch and practice in thrombosis and haemostasis
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • desmopressin
  • factor VIII
  • hemophilia A
  • hemorrhage
  • treatment

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