Detecting functional decline from normal aging to dementia: Development and validation of a short version of the Amsterdam IADL Questionnaire

Roos J Jutten, Carel F W Peeters, Sophie M J Leijdesdorff, Pieter Jelle Visser, Andrea B Maier, Caroline B Terwee, Philip Scheltens, Sietske A M Sikkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION: Detecting functional decline from normal aging to dementia is relevant for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. Therefore, the Amsterdam IADL Questionnaire (A-IADL-Q) was developed: a 70-item proxy-based tool with good psychometric properties. We aimed to design a short version while preserving its psychometric quality.

METHODS: Study partners of subjects (n = 1355), ranging from cognitively normal to dementia subjects, completed the original A-IADL-Q. We selected the short version items using a stepwise procedure combining missing data, Item Response Theory, and input from respondents and experts. We investigated internal consistency of the short version and concordance with the original version. To assess its construct validity, we additionally investigated concordance between the short version and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Disability Assessment for Dementia (DAD). Finally, we investigated differences in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) scores between diagnostic groups across the dementia spectrum.

RESULTS: We selected 30 items covering the entire spectrum of IADL functioning. Internal consistency (0.98) and concordance with the original version (0.97) were very high. Concordance with the MMSE (0.72) and DAD (0.87) scores was high. IADL impairment scores increased across the spectrum from normal cognition to dementia.

DISCUSSION: The A-IADL-Q short version (A-IADL-Q-SV) consists of 30 items and has maintained the psychometric quality of the original A-IADL-Q. As such, the A-IADL-Q-SV is a concise measure of functional decline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-35
Number of pages10
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Early online date31 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Dementia
  • Functional decline
  • Instrumental activities of daily living
  • Item Response Theory
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Subjective cognitive decline

Cite this