Determination of the chlamydia trachomatis prevalence in an asymptomatic screening population: perforamces of LCX and COBAS Ampilicor in urine

S.A. Morre, I.G.M. van Valkengoed, R.M. Moes, A.J.P. Boeke, C.J.L.M. Meijer, A.J.C. van den Brule

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Abstract

This study determined the performances of the LCx (Abbott) and COBAS Amplicor (Roche) tests with urine specimens for the detection of Chlamydia trachomatis in an asymptomatic screening population. Randomly selected women and men (age range, 15 to 40 years) registered in 20 general practices in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, were invited to participate in this study. Urine specimens (n = 2, 906; 1,138 specimens from men and 1,717 specimens from women) were tested for C. trachomatis by the COBAS Amplicor (Roche) and LCx (Abbott) tests. Samples which were positive by only one assay were subjected to discrepant analyses by a third assay (in-house plasmid PCR). By the LCx assay C. trachomatis DNA was detected in urine specimens from 46 of 1,717 women and 29 of 1,138 men, while the COBAS Amplicor detected C. trachomatis DNA in 52 and 35 specimens, respectively. When comparing the LCx and COBAS Amplicor tests, 32 test results (20 for women and 12 for men) were discrepant. After discrepant analyses the following sensitivities, specificities, and positive predictive values were found for the LCx and COBAS Amplicor tests: 78.6 versus 98.8%, 99.7 versus 99.9%, and 88.0 versus 95.4%, respectively. No prominent differences were found between men and women with regard to the test performances. After discrepant analyses the overall prevalences of C. trachomatis in women and men were 3.0 and 2.8%, respectively. For both women and men the prevalence in the younger age groups was higher than that in the older age groups. In conclusion, the COBAS Amplicor tests shows better diagnostic characteristics than the LCx assay for the detection of C. trachomatis in urine specimens from an asymptomatic screening population. In this asymptomatic population the overall prevalence of C. trachomatis was 2.9%
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3092-3096
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume37
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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