The family of polyomaviruses, which cause severe disease in immunocompromised hosts, has expanded substantially in recent years. To accommodate measurement of IgG seroresponses against all currently known human polyomaviruses (HPyVs), including the Lyon IARC polyomavirus (LIPyV), we extended our custom multiplex bead-based HPyV immunoassay and evaluated the performance of this pan-HPyV immunoassay. The VP1 proteins of 15 HPyVs belonging to 13 Polyomavirus species were expressed as recombinant glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion proteins and coupled to fluorescent Luminex beads. Sera from healthy blood donors and immunocompromised kidney transplant recipients were used to analyze seroreactivity against the different HPyVs. For BK polyomavirus (BKPyV), the GST-VP1 fusion protein-directed seroresponses were compared to those obtained against BKPyV VP1 virus-like particles (VLP). Seroreactivity against most HPyVs was common and generally high in both test populations. Low seroreactivity against HPyV9, HPyV12, New Jersey PyV, and LIPyV was observed. The assay was reproducible (Pearson’s r2 0.84, P 0.001) and specific. Weak but consistent cross-reactivity between the related viruses HPyV6 and HPyV7 was observed. The seroresponses measured by the GST-VP1-based immunoassay and a VP1 VLP-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were highly correlated (Spearman’s 0.823, P 0.001). The bead-based pan-HPyV multiplex immunoassay is a reliable tool to determine HPyV-specific seroresponses with high reproducibility and specificity and is suitable for use in seroepidemiological studies.