Development and validation of a patient-reported outcome measure in vitiligo: The Self Assessment Vitiligo Extent Score (SA-VES): The Self Assessment Vitiligo Extent Score (SA-VES)

Nanja van Geel, Janny E. Lommerts, Marcel W. Bekkenk, Cecilia A. C. Prinsen, Viktoria Eleftheriadou, Alain Taieb, Mauro Picardo, Khaled Ezzedine, Albert Wolkerstorfer, Reinhart Speeckaert

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34 Citations (Scopus)


The Vitiligo Extent Score (VES) has recently been introduced as a physicians' score for the clinical assessment of the extent of vitiligo, but a good patient self-assessment score is lacking. The objective is to develop and validate a simplified version of the VES as a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM). After extensive pilot testing, patients were asked to score their vitiligo extent twice with an interval of 2 weeks using the Self Assessment Vitiligo Extent Score (SA-VES). The scores were compared with the physicians' evaluation (VES). The SA-VES demonstrated very good test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation = 0.948, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.911-0.970) that was not affected by age, skin type, or vitiligo distribution pattern. According to patients, this evaluation method was easy to use (22% very easy; 49% easy; 29% normal) and required <5 minutes in the majority of patients (73%, <5 minutes; 24%, 5-10 minutes; 2%, 10-15 minutes). Comparison of the SA-VES and the VES demonstrated excellent correlation (r = 0.986, P <.001). Few patients had a dark skin type. The results demonstrate excellent reliability of the SA-VES and excellent correlation with its investigator-reported counterpart (VES). This patient-oriented evaluation method provides a useful tool for the assessment of vitiligo extent
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-471
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


  • body surface area
  • outcome measurement
  • patient-reported outcomes
  • severity
  • vitiligo

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