Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) for bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) evaluation. Background: Coronary CTA has emerged as a noninvasive method to evaluate patients with suspected or established coronary artery disease. The diagnostic accuracy of coronary CTA to evaluate angiographic outcomes after BVS implantation has not been well established. Methods: In the ABSORB II (A Bioresorbable Everolimus-Eluting Scaffold Versus a Metallic Everolimus-Eluting Stent II) study, patients were randomized either to receive treatment with the BVS or everolimus-eluting metallic stent. At the 3-year follow-up, 238 patients (258 lesions) treated with BVS underwent coronary angiography with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) evaluation and coronary CTA. The diagnostic accuracy of coronary CTA was assessed by the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve with coronary angiography and IVUS as references. Results: The mean difference in coronary CTA-derived minimal luminal diameter was −0.14 mm (limits of agreement −0.88 to 0.60) with quantitative coronary angiography as reference, whereas the mean difference in minimal lumen area was 0.73 mm2 (limits of agreement −1.85 to 3.30) with IVUS as reference. The per-scaffold diagnostic accuracy of coronary CTA for detecting stenosis based on coronary angiography diameter stenosis of ≥50% revealed an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of 0.88 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.82 to 0.92) with a sensitivity of 80% (95% CI: 28% to 99%) and a specificity of 100% (95% CI: 98% to 100%), whereas diagnostic accuracy based on IVUS minimal lumen area ≤2.5 mm2 showed an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of 0.83 (95% CI: 0.77 to 0.88) with a sensitivity of 71% (95% CI: 44% to 90%) and a specificity of 82% (95% CI: 75% to 87%). The diagnostic accuracy of coronary CTA was similar to coronary angiography in its ability to identify patients with a significant lesion based on the IVUS criteria (p = 0.75). Conclusions: Coronary CTA has good diagnostic accuracy to detect in-scaffold luminal obstruction and to assess luminal dimensions after BVS implantation. Coronary angiography and coronary CTA yielded similar diagnostic accuracy to identify the presence and severity of obstructive disease. Coronary CTA might become the method of choice for the evaluation of patients treated with BVS.